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West Africa – Ebola virus disease


The World Health Organisation (“WHO”) has issued a statement on the Ebola virus disease following an Emergency Committee meeting that took place on 6/7 August. The statement (click here) declares the Ebola virus outbreak to be an “extraordinary event” requiring “a coordinated international response to stop and reverse the spread of Ebola“. It also states that there would be no general ban on international travel or trade.

We understand that most West African ports are currently operating normally. In the circumstances, it is vital that Members proceeding to West African ports - especially Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone which are at the centre of the Ebola virus outbreak - ensure that the Master and crew are aware of the risks and take appropriate precautions. In particular, Members calling at West African ports should also keep a vigilant watch to prevent stowaways gaining access on board and conduct searches prior to departure.

Generally, Members are advised to follow the recommendations recently issued by the International Chamber of Shipping, International Maritime Employers’ Council and the International Transport Workers’ Federation, as follows:-

  1. The Master should ensure that the crew are aware of the risks, how the virus can be spread and how to reduce the risk.

  2. The ISPS requirements on ensuring that unauthorised personnel do not board the vessel should be strictly enforced throughout the duration of the vessel being in port.

  3. The Master should give careful consideration to granting any shore leave whilst in impacted ports.

  4. The shipowner/operator should avoid making crew changes in the ports of an affected country.

  5. After departure the crew should be aware of the symptoms and report any occurring symptoms immediately to the person in charge of medical care.

A full copy of the notice can be accessed by clicking here and further details of the Ebola virus disease on WHO website can be accessed by clicking here.

Vessels who have called at a country in which the Ebola virus disease is prevalent should also consider checking with the next ports of call to ensure that any additional declarations and requirements can be complied with in a timely manner.

08 Aug 2014

Ukraine & Crimea – Port of Kerch


Further to the Club’s recent News Alerts on the official closure of Crimean ports by Ukrainian authorities on 16 July 2014 (click here) and EU sanctions banning the import into the EU of goods originating from Crimea (click here), we have received from the Correspondent in Ukraine, Dias Marine Consulting, the below clarification of the situation at the Port of Kerch in Crimea and loading at anchorage:-

Port of Kerch

These days we are getting many inquiries in respect of the loading operations in the port of Kerch. To help our Principals and their Members we would like to explain the situation. In Kerch loading of the cargo (grain, in particular) is carried out at the anchorage, far away from the shore. Ships at this anchorage do not get “free pratique”, in other words they are not cleared by the Immigration, Customs and Sanitary authorities. Thus, formally it is considered that they do not call Kerch port and do not enter the Crimean territory. At least neither port’s registries nor ships’ logs bear any official information/notes about any ships’ calls at the port. Such practice had developed long before the annexation of Crimea and was then explained, I believe, by mere commercial reasons as a ship at an anchorage does not have to pay any port dues/charges, which were always high in the Ukrainian ports.

To summarize what was said above we can conclude that for the present day the ships which were staying under loading operation at the anchorage of the Kerch port were not entered in the black-list of the Ukrainian authorities.  


It should be borne in mind that the anchorage point of the Kerch port is about 4 miles from the shore. As per the Russian legislation a 12 miles zone is considered as territorial waters of the country. Formally, foreign ships may only be within this area in case of transit passage or proceeding to the port of loading/discharge. As Russia had annexed the Crimea its laws are now in force on this territory. Therefore, loading of the ships at an anchorage point of the port of Kerch is still effected within the territorial waters of Crimea as a part of the Russian Federation. Taking this into account one can arrive to a conclusion that there is still a possibility that the ships which are/were staying under loading operations at a Kerch anchorage may happen to be inserted into the said black-list as the situation in this regard is ambiguous and can be considered by the Ukrainian authorities in different ways.”

Members ordered under existing charters to load at Kerch or who are considering calling at Kerch in the future should review the position carefully bearing in mind the uncertain situation for vessels calling there, as well as the EU sanctions banning the import into the EU of goods originating from Crimea.

22 Jul 2014

Libya – Port Situation


As Members may already be aware from various press reports, the fighting between militias has been intensifying, with Tripoli airport closed after being attacked by rockets earlier this week.

The Club has received the below information on port conditions from the correspondent in Tripoli, Germa Shipping & Stevedoring Co:

  1. All oil terminals/ports,including Zawia, are working. The only exception is Brega oil terminal which is currently on strike until further notice;

  2. At the moment, the commercial ports of Benghazi, Tobruk, Misurata and Alkhoms are operating normally;

  3. The fighting between militias continues in Tripoli and Benghazi. Whilst it is possible for vessels to call at Tripoli, loading and/or discharging operations are highly unlikely to take place due to the unavailability of labour/stevedores.

Given the volatile situation, Members calling at Libya should carefully assess their contractual obligations and remedies in light of the current ongoing instability. Further, Members considering fixing vessels to call in Libya should give due consideration to contractual measures that might be taken to try to avoid and/or negate future issues arising out of such instability. Members are also reminded that Libya is still subject to financial sanctions by the UK, EU, US and UN, including the recent UN ban on illicit crude oil exports from Libya and authorising inspection of suspect ships on high seas (to access the UN press release of March 2014 click here). Members should therefore continue to exercise due diligence when engaging in activities with Libyan entities and/or connections.

18 Jul 2014

Ukraine – Closure of Crimean Ports


Members will already be aware of the sensitive political situation in Crimea and the conditions at various ports as reported in the Club’s recent News Alerts (click here). In addition, the Club’s News Alert of 8 July 2014 (click here) drew Members’ attention to the EU Sanctions banning the import into the EU of goods originating from Crimea or Sevastopol.

The Correspondent in Ukraine, Dias Marine Consulting, now reports that the Ukrainian Ministry of Infrastructure has issued Directive No.255 “On Closure of Sea Ports” (click here for the Ukrainian Government press release and click here for the Correspondent’s report). The Directive, due to come into force on 15 July 2014, officially closes all ports in the territory of Crimea on the basis that the area is temporarily occupied. This includes, but is not limited to, the ports of Kerch, Theodosia, Sevastopol, Yalkta and Evpatoria.

The Correspondent also advises that, where vessels call in the Ukraine after having traded to/from a Crimean port, the consequences could include (but potentially not be limited to) delays, detention and/or  fines for both vessel and crew. It is presently unclear what (if any) administrative measures may be implemented in the Ukraine to avoid such consequences.

Given the above, careful consideration should be given to the legal implications for vessels currently due to call at Crimean ports under existing charters/contracts, both in terms of:

  1. EU Sanctions banning the import into the EU of goods originating from Crimea or Sevastopol; and

  2. the consequences of such a call should the vessel later call in the Ukraine.

Further, going forward, consideration should be given to contractual measures that might be taken to try to avoid and/or negate such problems in future charters.

16 Jul 2014

Crimea & Sevastopol – EU Sanctions


In view of the political unrest and developments in Crimea and Ukraine (as reported in the Club’s previous News Alert of 17 April 2014 – click here), the EU has implemented EU Council Decision 2014/386/CFSP (click here) and Council Regulation 692/2014 (click here) dated 23 June 2014 to impose the following sanctions:

  1. A ban taking effect from 25 June 2014 against the import into the EU of goods originating from Crimea or Sevastopol; and

  2. A ban on the direct or indirect provision of financing or financial  assistance, as well as insurance and reinsurance services relating to the import of goods originating in Crimea or Sevastopol.

There is an exemption for goods which the Ukrainian authorities have confirmed originate from Ukraine and there is a provision allowing for execution (until 26 September 2014) of trade contracts concluded before 25 June 2014 and ancillary contracts necessary for their execution is permitted. Those seeking to perform obligations under such contracts will need to comply with the relevant notification requirements i.e. 10 days advance notice to the competent authority of the Member State.

Members involved in trade with Crimea, Ukraine or Russia should take care to comply with the above and, further, to continue to monitor the situation carefully given the possibility of further sanctions in the future. In particular, the Club takes the opportunity to remind Members to exercise due diligence and ensure that the trade/transaction is lawful and the parties to it are not designated entities (see News Alert of 7 March 2014 regarding the designated persons – click here), otherwise this may give rise to an issue with Club cover.

08 Jul 2014

International Group - Annual Review - 2013/14


The International Group Annual Review 2013/14 was published recently and can be accessed by clicking here. The Review covers many of the key activities undertaken by the Group during the last P&I policy year and includes summaries of the work carried out by a number of its Working Groups on a range of topical issues, including the Maritime Labour Convention 2006 and Solid Bulk Cargo Liquefaction, which may be of interest to Members.

21 May 2014

Ukraine – Port Situation Update


Members will already be aware of the political unrest and movement of troops in various parts of Ukraine, as reported in the Club’s News Alert of 7 March 2014 (click here).

The latest update from Dias Marine Consulting, Odessa, dated 16 April 2014 is as follows:-

“Armed conflicts between authorities and separatists in Eastern regions of country still develops. Army troops have been moved into Donetsk region.

In spite of the above mentioned all Ukrainian ports without exception operate in usual manner. Ports of Crimea - Sevastopol, Kerch and Theodosia also operate trouble-free. Even Ukrainian cargoes are loading in ports of Crimea. Customs outward clearance of these cargoes (export) is carried out by Ukrainian customs at port Yuzhny Outer Roads.”

Members are also reminded of the Correspondent’s previous recommendation for crew members to keep away from areas where any demonstrations are taking place, with the exception of the small port of Kherson where crew should refrain from coming ashore.

17 Apr 2014

United Kingdom – European Health Insurance Cards for Crew


Members should note that we have been informed by the Marine Advisory Medical Service about changes to the necessity for European crew members to have a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) in order to obtain free medical treatment in the UK under the National Health Service (Charges to Overseas Visitors) Regulations 2011.

The Guidance on Implementing the Overseas Visitors Hospital Charging Regulations (October 2013) (click here) specifically states that health care trusts in the UK must obtain from the patient a copy of the EHIC, enabling the trusts to collect the costs incurred for treatment from the reciprocal EU country. Previously, patients with European passports (but without a EHIC) were being treated in the UK in any event in certain circumstances. However, as a number of countries failed to reimburse the costs incurred where treatment was provided on the basis of a European passport, the United Kingdom has now refused to accept a passport to determine eligibility for free treatment of European nationals and an EHIC will be insisted upon before free treatment is provided.

Accordingly, it is recommended that eligible European crew should obtain an EHIC from their home government before joining the ship. EHIC cards are valid for 5 years from date of issue.

16 Apr 2014

Ukraine – Port Situation and Sanctions


Port Situation

As Members will be aware, following the movement of Russian troops into Ukraine and into the Crimean region, there have been political demonstrations and violence in some limited areas.

Most ports in Ukraine are reported to be functioning as normal but the local correspondent recommends that foreign crew members keep away from areas where any demonstrations are taking place, with the exception of the small port of Kherson where crew should refrain from coming ashore. The update from Dias Maine Consulting, Odessa, on this dated 4 March can be accessed here.

Members whose vessels are due to load cargoes from Kerch and Theodosia, Crimea, however, should be aware that customs/local authorities may deny Ukrainian cargoes customs clearance and may prevent and/or cause delays to loading. The latest report from Dias Maine Consulting, Odessa, dated 7 March can be accessed here.


In response to the situation in Ukraine, the EU and the US have now introduced limited sanctions as follows:

  1. The EU has issued Decision 2014/119/CFSP and  Council Regulation No. 208/2014 which relate to the freezing of funds and economic resources of designated persons identified as responsible for misappropriation of Ukrainian state funds and violence.

  2. In the US, the President has signed a new Executive Order imposing sanctions against any individual or entity responsible for or complicit in actions that undermine the democratic process or threaten the peace, security and stability of Ukraine.

As with other activities that potentially involve sanctions, Members will need to exercise due diligence when dealing with any Ukrainian persons/entities.

07 Mar 2014

News Alerts Archive

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